Eradication Strategy

 

In Pakistan, persistent wild poliovirus transmission is restricted to three groups of districts:

Karachi City

Quetta Block – Quetta, Pishin and Killah Abdullah districts

FATA and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa – three adjoining areas (called 'agencies') in FATA bordering Afghanistan, and Peshawar District

 

The strategic approach will be to stop poliovirus transmission in all reservoirs ; in addition, to detect, contain and eliminate poliovirus from newly-infected areas, as well as to maintain and increase population immunity against polio throughout Pakistan through vaccination campaigns and routine vaccinations. The NEAP details specific objectives, targets, milestones and indicators that will guide and drive the program to its goal.

The NEAP 2015-16 has a strategic focus on:

• Increasing quality of all polio eradication activities; including campaigns, AFP Surveillance and routine immunization

• Increasing programmatic access and reach, with a focus on tracking and vaccinating continuously missed children

• Placing frontline workers at the centre of the polio eradication initiative

• Expanding continuous community-protected vaccinations

• Ensuing integration of planning and implementation of Operations, Security and Communications through Federal and Provincial EOCs and District Polio Control Rooms/Teams

• Monitoring of performance and increased accountability at all levels

• Reviewing and enhancing AFP Surveillance sensitivity and quality

• Enhancing seroconversion through targeted IPV introduction and expansion

• Implementing the outbreak response strategy

The oversight and review of program implementation, as per the emergency plan, will continue through:

- The Prime Minister's Task Force and the Prime Minister's Focus Group for Polio Eradication, as well as the National Steering Committee headed by the Prime Minister's Focal Person for Polio Eradication at the national level the Provincial Task Forces headed by the Chief Secretaries and Security Coordination Committees at the provincial level

- The District Polio Eradication Committees headed by the Deputy Commissioners (Civil Military Coordination Committee headed by Political Agent in FATA).

FAQs

What is the Islamic guidance on polio vaccine?

Oral polio vaccine (OPV) is safe and has been declared halal by Islamic leaders all over the world – the Grand Sheik Tantawi of Al-Azhar University, the Grand Mufti of Saudi Arabia and the Majelis Council of Ulemmas in Indonesia.  Other prominent international institutions endorsing OPV include Dar al UloomDeo-Band, India; the Organization of the Islamic Conference; the International Union for Muslim Scholars (Mufti Dr. Yousuf al-Qaradawi); Imam of Masjid Al Aqsa (Bait ulMuqades) and other prominent scholars and muftis from all sects in all provinces of Pakistan. All hajjis traveling for Haj from Pakistan are now required to be vaccinated against polio. All major religious schools and sects have lent their support to polio eradication and many have issued fatwas in support.